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Teacup Pomeranians

Pomeranians are a fantastic breed of dog with a gregarious personality.  They are perfect for cuddling up on the couch, playing fetch in the yard, and expressing extreme interest in anything you say and do.

In my mind, they really are the perfect breed. So how can this fuzzy little dog be improved upon?  Well, some think the only thing left to do is make the dog smaller.  If you're in that boat, you'll be quite excited to hear about what a Pomeranian really is.  The proper size for a Pomeranian is 3 to 7 pounds, already the tiny fun sized creature that you are looking for. 

If you're thinking about buying one of these fuzzy little dogs, already own one, or just enjoy reading about them - this article will provide you with many important facts, and should help answer any questions you might have. It's important to be informed about any "buying decision" (or adoption decision in this case!), and bringing home a living creature which you must care for, through their entire 12-18 year life, is absolutely no different.

It should be pointed out that, in the United States, there is no official recognition, by the AKC or anyone else, of size classifications or variations in Pomeranians.  According to the AKC standards the Pomeranian is a “Toy" breed group ranging from 3 to 7 pounds in size.  UKC standards hold the same size range, but refer to them in the “Companion” group.  This size is very often referred to, in puppy mill marketing terms, as “Miniature” or “Teacup”.  Even though you often see larger Poms, these are generally either the result of either the breeder not taking any “Breed Type” into consideration, or throw backs into their larger ancestors.  Since they were bred down from their 30 pound Spitz ancestors, throwbacks into those past generations may be seen.  Through years of selective breeding the small size was accomplished to be the very tiny dogs you see in the show ring now.  They are physically no different - they're just smaller. These are not the "midgets" of the dog world, and there is nothing on their body that is different. The proportions are the same; they are just small.

If you're looking for one of these dogs to make your own, you can start looking anywhere you might seek out a full-sized dog.  Check the newspaper, online at sites like Puppy Finder, Ebay Classifieds, directly from breeders, or from a rescue.  Rescue sites such as Pet Finder and Pets 911 are great resources.  Ask the usual questions about the dog, and treat the "interview" process just like you would when buying any other dog.

In your investigations, keep in mind that adult size is extremely difficult to predict. There is no getting around Mother Nature.  As a puppy it is a best guess at adult sizes.  The size of the parents plays a big role, but since they were bred from 30 pound ancestors a puppy can easily end up large than the size of the parents.  Generally by 12 weeks of age a good breeder will have a pretty good idea.

Many breeders will simply use “teacup” as a marketing term to sell the dog and draw attention to their ads.  This “Teacup” puppy may grow up to be a whopping 16 pounds. This means you need to do your homework.  Ensure that the parents and grandparents are within the size you are looking for.  Find out about other puppies from these parents.  Generally speaking, a Pomeranian will grow to be about the same size as its parents, so ask to meet the puppy's biological mother and father or other relations. This is also a great chance to check the health of the parents, and see if there are any health issues that run in the blood lines (such as heart disease and joint problems).

Pomeranians 4lbs and under can be more delicate in health.  Since their body mass is so slight it is important to ensure they are eating regularly, especially before 18 months of age.  The biggest problem seen in these little guys is hypoglycemia from over doing, stress, or not eating regularly.  Untreated hypoglycemia often results in death.   When you purchase a Pomeranian puppy the breeder or seller should be informing you of the risks of hypoglycemia, how to identify a puppy having issues, and what to do to resolve it.  One general safeguard when purchasing a puppy would be to meet the parents.  Of course, you are not going to be able to see the internals, but if they both seem healthy you are likely to be safe.   A breeder should be willing to speak to the health of their lines.  No line is 100% health perfect.  They should be open, understand what is behind their dogs, and be willing to talk about what is there.  Just because a grandparent has an issue doesn't mean you puppy will have one, but it does mean that there is a risk.  Be sure to have your puppy or dog health checked by your Vet within 48 to 72 hours of purchasing them.  Any reputable seller will stipulate that in their contract and offer a full refund if a major genetic issue is found.

If the dog is an incredibly small female (4 pounds or less), breeding is not recommended - meaning you should have that girl spay as soon as possible. The process of breeding is a great stress to these tiny creatures.  Breeding is a risk for both mother and puppies.  C-sections are seen in about 60% of these dogs.  With a C-section the puppies often do not survive, mothers often do not get milk, and mothers sometimes do not survive.  Careful consideration is required before risking the life of your much loved pet in having puppies.

There's a lot to consider when adopting any dog, and the size-factor just serves to make things more complex. Remember “Teacup” or “Miniature” is a term that has been created to attempt to describe the sizes of Poms.  There is actually no true designation of Teacup, Miniature or Standard for Poms.  They are all part of the Toy or Companion Breed Group and with proper breeding should be in the 3-7 pound range.  Smaller than that is simply little and bigger than that are simply big.

Hopefully we have given you a place to start from, and have answered some of the questions you might have about this breed that has been rolled up into a tiny "fun-sized" package.


I am no expert, these are just things I have found to be helpful to me and/or represent my own opinion. 
Hopefully they will be helpful to you.

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